How to use Oracle Message Dictionary in Oracle Apps – FND MESSAGES?

Oracle Message Dictionary provides flexibility to store pre-formatted text as part of its catalog to display them as error/warning/note messages in Forms, Log Files, OAF Pages, Reports, etc.,

These messages mainly provide information about business rule errors, such as missing or incorrect data, and how to resolve them, warn about the consequences of intended actions, inform about the status of an application, pages, or business objects, and indicate that processes and actions are performing or are completed.

Advantages of Message Dictionary:

  1. Change or translate the message text to different languages without regenerating or recompiling the code.
  2. It provides consistent look and feel of the message text, since it is pre-formatted.

Steps to Create a Message from Oracle Forms:

Navigate to Application Developer responsibility –> Application –> Messages

Create a Message from Oracle Forms

Steps to Create a Message from OAF Page:

Navigate to Functional Administrator responsibility –> Core Services –> Messages

Create a Message from OAF Page

Purpose of different fields on Messages form

COMPONENT NAME DESCRIPTION
Name Every message must have a unique name. You should include a unique prefix that makes it easier to find your custom messages and that helps to avoid name conflicts with non-custom messages.
Language Select the language that your message is written in.
Application Select the application that the message belongs, this will usually be the custom application.
Current Message Text Message text is required. This is a brief statement of the operation attempted and the problem that occurred as a result, or information that the user needs to know. The maximum field size for messages stored in the Message Dictionary is 240 characters.
Number A unique and persistent message number can be included with each message. When displayed, the number takes the format of (Application ShortnameNumber). If the message does not have a message number, the formatted number is not displayed.
Type The message type indicates which message components are applicable, determines whether implicit logging and incident creation occurs, and determines the logging level if the message is logged.
Maximum Length Maximum number of display characters the translators can use to translate the message.
Description Description of the Message.
Alert Category This will allow user interfaces and other programs to filter exception messages based on category. The types are Product, System, Security and User.
Alert Severity This will allow user interfaces and other programs to filter exception messages based on severity. The types can be: Critical, Error or Warning.
Log Severity This group indicates the Log severity levels like: Unexpected, Error, Exception, Event, Procedure, Statement or Off.

How to use Message Dictionary in PL/SQL Procedures

Oracle has provided FND_MESSAGE API to Set, Retrieve, Clear the messages in Message Stack.

Below is a small example to get the message text:

DECLARE
  msg VARCHAR2(2000);
BEGIN
  fnd_message.set_name ('FND', 'XX_TEST_ORACLE_ERP_APPS_GUIDE');
  msg := fnd_message.get;
  dbms_output.put_line(msg);
END;
/

where ‘FND’ is the application short name in which the message is defined and ‘XX_TEST_ORACLE_ERP_APPS_GUIDE’ the name of the message.

FND_MESSAGE.SET_NAME : this Sets a message name in the global area without actually retrieving the message from Message Dictionary.

FND_MESSAGE.GET : Retrieves a translated and token-substituted message from the message stack and then clears that message from the message stack. GET returns up to 2000 bytes of message.

Learn More about FND Message Functions, Click Here

Tokens to change Message content dynamically

Tokens are identified in the message text by their use of ampersand (&) or curly brackets ({}) and all uppercase letters. The token values are supplied at run time by the code that raises the message. For example, the following token &USER is replaced by a user name when the user receives this message on their screen:

New User Creation

DECLARE
  l_user_name VARCHAR2(200);
  msg         VARCHAR2(2000);
BEGIN
  --
  SELECT user_name
  INTO l_user_name
  FROM fnd_user
  WHERE user_id = '84857';
  --
  fnd_message.set_name ('FND', 'XX_TEST_CREATE_USER');
  fnd_message.set_token('USER', l_user_name);
  msg := fnd_message.get;
  dbms_output.put_line(msg);
END;
/

Using Fnd Message on OAF page

Below line can be used to show FND_MESSAGE from oaf page  which is created using Application Developer responsibility.
import oracle.apps.fnd.common.MessageToken;
public class xxcusHelloWorldMainCO extends HelloWorldMainCO {
 
    public void processFormRequest(OAPageContext pageContext,
                                   OAWebBean webBean) {
 
     if (pageContext.getParameter("Go") != null) {
String getUserName = String.valueOf(pageContext.getUserName());
     MessageToken[] msgtoken = {new MessageToken("USER",getUserName) };
throw new OAException("FND", "XX_TEST_CREATE_USER", msgtoken, OAException.ERROR, null);
    }
}
YOur Work Flow mailer is triggering Mail often when you clone your Instance and you are unable to test the New stuff using work Flow Mailer 

Here is the solution for the Work flow mailer to stop sending older mails in the Test Instance 

UPDATE WF_NOTIFICATIONS

SET STATUS = ‘CLOSED’
where status =’OPEN’;
UPDATE WF_NOTIFICATIONS
SET MAIL_STATUS = ‘SENT’
where status =’OPEN’;

commit; 
Simple , but very Effective steps to Control your work flow mailer , sending old mails

Check this Steps:

Application Manager — > Application Dashboard ->

Application System– > Dev–> service Components –> Component Details

Set override Address : Dev: Work Flow Notification Mailer

Enter the Over Ride Address : *******. Mail .Com

Update the scripts:

update fnd_svc_comp_param_vals fscpv
set fscpv.PARAMETER_VALUE = ‘<override email address>’
where fscpv.parameter_id in (select fscpt.parameter_id
from fnd_svc_comp_params_tl fscpt
where fscpt.display_name = ‘Test Address’);

If this is Entered he/She will receive all the notification mails which has been triggered in the DEV or UAT 

Step 1Login to “Workflow Administrator Web Applications”
Image

Step 2
Ensure that Notification Mailer is running, and then click on icon as below
Image

Step 3
Click on “View Details”
Image

Step 4.
Click on “Set Override Address”
Image

Step 5.
Finally you can change the email address here. Please read the instructions in red carefully.
Image

OPM PROCESS EXECUTION TABLES R12

  • GME_BATCH_HEADER
  • GME_BATCH_HEADER_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_HISTORY
  • GME_BATCH_MAPPING_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_SALES_ORDERS
  • GME_BATCH_STEPS
  • GME_BATCH_STEPS_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_ACTIVITIES
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_ACTIV_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_CHARGES
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_CHARGES_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_DEPENDENCIES
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_DEP_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_ITEMS
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_ITEMS_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_RESOURCES
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_RESOURCES_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_RSRC_SUMMARY
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_TRANSFERS
  • GME_BATCH_STEP_TRANSFERS_MIG
  • GME_BATCH_TXNS_MIG
  • GME_ERES_GTMP
  • GME_EXCEPTIONS_GTMP
  • GME_GANTT_DOCUMENT_FILTER
  • GME_INVENTORY_TXNS_GTMP
  • GME_LAB_BATCH_LOTS
  • GME_MATERIAL_DETAILS
  • GME_MATERIAL_DETAILS_MIG
  • GME_MATERIAL_DISPENSING_GTMP
  • GME_MIGRATION_CONTROL
  • GME_PARAMETERS
  • GME_PENDING_PRODUCT_LOTS
  • GME_PROCESS_PARAMETERS
  • GME_PROCESS_PARAMETERS_MIG
  • GME_RESOURCE_TXNS
  • GME_RESOURCE_TXNS_GTMP
  • GME_RESOURCE_TXNS_MIG
  • GME_RESOURCE_TXNS_SUMMARY
  • GME_SCALE_DETAIL
  • GME_TEMP_EXCEPTIONS
  • GME_TEXT_HEADER
  • GME_TEXT__TL
  • GME_TRANSACTION_PAIRS
  • GME_UNALLOCATED_ITEMS_GTMP
OPM INVENTORY TABLE R12

  • BISOPM_ONHANDSALE_SUM
  • BIS_OPM_PROD_SUM
  • GMI_AUTO_ALLOCATION_BATCH
  • GMI_CATEGORY_SETS
  • GMI_CLOS_WAREHOUSES
  • GMI_DISCRETE_TRANSFERS
  • GMI_DISCRETE_TRANSFER_LINES
  • GMI_DISCRETE_TRANSFER_LOTS
  • GMI_ITEMS_XML_INTERFACE
  • GMI_ITEM_CATEGORIES
  • GMI_ITEM_CONV_AUDIT
  • GMI_ITEM_CONV_AUDIT_DETAILS
  • GMI_ITEM_ORGANIZATIONS
  • GMI_LOTS_CONV_XML_INTERFACE
  • GMI_LOTS_XML_INTERFACE
  • GMI_LOT_TRACE
  • GMI_MASSTRANS_CTL
  • GMI_MIGRATION_PARAMETERS
  • GMI_OBSOLETE_ITEM_COLUMNS
  • GMI_QUANTITY_XML_INTERFACE
  • GMI_SUBLOT_GENERATE
  • GMI_TRAN_TMP
  • IC_ADJS_JNL
  • IC_ALLC_CLS
  • IC_ALOT_PRM
  • IC_CLDR_DTL
  • IC_CLDR_HDR
  • IC_CLDR_HDR_B
  • IC_CLDR_HDR_TL
  • IC_COMD_CDS
  • IC_COST_CLS
  • IC_CRUL_CLS
  • IC_CTMS_CLS
  • IC_CYCL_ADT
  • IC_CYCL_DTL
  • IC_CYCL_ERR
  • IC_CYCL_HDR
  • IC_CYCL_MSC
  • IC_DECM_MST
  • IC_FRGT_CLS
  • IC_GLED_CLS
  • IC_INVN_CLS
  • IC_INVN_TYP
  • IC_ITEM_CDT
  • IC_ITEM_CNV
  • IC_ITEM_CPG
  • IC_ITEM_HIERARCHY
  • IC_ITEM_MST
  • IC_ITEM_MST_B
  • IC_ITEM_MST_B_MIG
  • IC_ITEM_MST_TL
  • IC_ITEM_WHS
  • IC_JRNL_MST
  • IC_LOCT_INV
  • IC_LOCT_MST
  • IC_LOTS_CPG
  • IC_LOTS_MST
  • IC_LOTS_MST_MIG
  • IC_LOTS_STS
  • IC_PERD_BAL
  • IC_PHYS_CNT
  • IC_PHYS_ERR
  • IC_PKGS_MST
  • IC_PLNT_INV
  • IC_PRCE_CLS
  • IC_PRCH_CLS
  • IC_PURG_PRM
  • IC_RANK_MST
  • IC_SALE_CLS
  • IC_SHIP_CLS
  • IC_STAT_RPT
  • IC_STOR_CLS
  • IC_SUMM_INV
  • IC_TAXN_ASC
  • IC_TAXN_CLS
  • IC_TEXT_HDR
  • IC_TEXT_TBL_TL
  • IC_TRAN_ARC
  • IC_TRAN_CMP
  • IC_TRAN_PND
  • IC_TXN_REQUEST_HEADERS
  • IC_TXN_REQUEST_LINES
  • IC_WHSE_INV
  • IC_WHSE_MST
  • IC_WHSE_REL
  • IC_WHSE_STS
  • IC_XFER_MST
  • IN_ADDR_MST
  • IN_CTRY_MST
  • IN_ITEM_MST
  • IN_REGN_MST
  • IN_STAT_CTL
  • IN_STAT_DTL
  • IN_STAT_HDR
  • IN_STAT_MSG
  • IN_TEXT_HDR
  • IN_TEXT_TBL_TL
  • IN_TOFD_MST
  • SY_WF_ITEM_ROLES

Back Orders

·         The Oracle “term” backorder is a “status” on the order line or delivery line indicating that you have tried to release an order for picking in your warehouse, but that the pick release was UNSUCCESSFUL because there was no available inventory.(Backorder can be partial or complete). The Oracle term backorder does NOT mean that you have open purchase orders for the out-of-stock item from your vendors.

·         The term backorder is also used in business a little differently than in Oracle. The term “An item is on backorder” usually means that the item is not in stock, but the shipping company has already placed purchase orders from their suppliers to restock the item.

·         Back Order is when you do not fulfill the Sales Order, or if the inventory is out of stock for delivery to customer.

Back to Back Orders (B2B)


In Drop-ship items are directly shipped to customer from the supplier and only logical receiving is performed in Oracle. In B2B orders items are physically received to Oracle from supplier and later they are shipped to customers.

Ex: When an order for Laptop is placed, you cannot send laptop and charger differently to the customer. If the company is not interested in maintaining the inventory of chargers, B2B is perfect solution as laptop charger order will go out when ever an order is created for laptop.And the charger is received to oracle and can be shipped with the Laptop.

Flow status code of the order line –FSC
Item reservation type ….IRT

1. Enter sales order …source code Internal
2. Book the order, at this time FSC – Supply Eligible
3. Perform progress order … and FSC –PO Req. Requested & IRT inventory
4. Req. Import –FSC –PO Req. Created & IRT external requisition
5. Auto Create PO –FSC – PO created & IRT PO order
6. Perform receiving transaction— FSC Awaiting shipping& IRT Inventory
After this complete the order as normal sales order.

Important Notes:
Items used in Back to back order should be ATO enabled, Build in WIP flag checked and in general planning set the Buy flag.
In B2B order at some point we will physically receive goods before shipping them out, where as in Drop ship goods are directly shipped to Customer
Drop ship order may connect to more than one PO but B2B is connected to single PO.

Batch Close Variances can occur in the following situations when using Actual Costing,
  • If the batch was released in one cost period and the debit to WIP is valued at one cost, but the batch was completed in a later cost period when the credit to WIP for the same quantities is valued at a different cost.
    This results in a left over balance WIP due to the cost change and must be cleared out.
  • Batch is released in one period and closed in the next period and has ingredient issues after last product yield and no product yield in next period.

  • When the Ingredient consumptions and product yields are recorded in a period, and in the next period the ingredient, resource, or byproduct consumptions for these batches are updated without any further product yields.
  • Ingredient issued in one period and returned back in next period with cost changes for ingredient across periods.
    – Essentially Ingredient/By-product transactions should be posted prior to product transactions in general, and certainly at least prior to last of product transaction so that such transactions do not contribute to batch close variance.

  • Cost Allocation factors on the Formula are not same as Cost Allocation Factors on the Batch Material details which could happen when using Dynamic Cost Allocation factors (profile option – GMF: Cost Allocation Factor Calculation – set to “Dynamic”)
    Any cost allocation factor change made after a Batch is released ( as it happens in case of dynamic cost allocation factors) would require re-layering.
    Re-layering these Batches followed by running the Actual Cost Process, Cost Update and OPM-Preprocessor will eliminate the Batch Close Variances for these Batches.

  • The profile option – ‘GMF: Batch Actual Cost Calculation Basis’ is set to ‘Use Virtual Incremental Backflush Quantities’ for a situation where on a Batch all the Ingredients and Resources are not issued out Upfront.
    Virtual Incremental Backflush is essentially designed to address a common situation in process industries where most or all ingredients are issued upfront and there are multiple product yields. 
    Without using the Virtual Incremental Backflush, the first yield would be posted at very high cost and subsequent yields would be posted at zero cost.
    With Virtual Incremental Back flush, costs are apportioned based on the Formula setup even before transactions occur.
    Thus if those transactions do not actually occur prior to batch close, Batch Close Variances would result.

  • Use of Virtual Incremental Backflush with consumption activity and cost changes for ingredients across periods.