To create a periodic alert, you perform the following tasks in the order listed:

  • Define your periodic alert and specify its frequency.
  • Specify the details for your alert.
  • Define actions for your alert.
  • Create action sets containing the actions you want your alert to perform.

Before you define a periodic alert, make sure you do the following:
• Configure the Workflow Notification Mailer to send and receive e-mail messages according to your alert requirements.
• Specify Oracle Alert options to configure how Oracle Alert checks alerts and handles alert messages.
Enter a SQL Select statement that retrieves all the data your alert needs to perform the actions you plan to define.
Your periodic alert Select statement must include an INTO clause that contains one output for each column selected by your Select statement. Identify any inputs with a colon before the name, for example, :INPUT_NAME. Identify any outputs with an ampersand (&) before the name, for example, &OUTPUT_NAME. Do not use set operators in your Select statement.
Tip: If you want to use an input value in an action for this alert, select the input into an output. Then you can use the output when you define actions for this alert.
When selecting number columns, Oracle Alert uses the number formats defined in your database. Optionally, you can format your number outputs as real numbers by specifying a SQL*Plus format mask in your Select statement. For each number output, simply add a pound sign (#) and format mask to your output name. For example, if you select purchase price into the output &PRICE, add “#9999.99” after &PRICE for Oracle Alert to display the value to two
decimal places. Your number output looks like: &PRICE#9999.99. Here is an example of a periodic alert Select statement that looks for users who have not changed their passwords within the number of days specified by the value in :THRESHOLD_DAYS.:
SELECT user_name,
FROM fnd_user
WHERE sysdate = NVL(password_date,
sysdate) + :THRESHOLD_DAYS
ORDER BY user_name

Note: Although Oracle Alert does not support PL/SQL statements as the alert SQL statement definition, you can create a PL/SQL packaged function that contains PL/SQL logic and enter a SQL Select statement that calls that packaged function. For example, you can enter a SQL Select statement that looks like:
SELECT package1.function1(:INPUT1, column1)
FROM table1
In this example, package1 is the name of the PL/SQL package and function1 is the name of user-defined PL/SQL function stored in the package.

Event Alerts
Event alerts immediately notify you of activity in your database as it happens. You define what a database event is – an insert or an update to a table – and Oracle Alert informs you when it happens. You can modify our precoded alert conditions or simply create your own, and Oracle Alert will send messages or perform predefined actions in
an action set when important events occur.
Periodic Alerts
Periodic alerts periodically report key information according to a schedule you define.
You can modify our precoded alerts or simply create your own, and Oracle Alert will send messages or perform predefined actions from an action set according to the schedule you set.
You can define periodic alerts on any Oracle Financials, Oracle Manufacturing, Oracle Human Resources, or Oracle Public Sector Financials application as well as any custom Oracle application.
Periodic alerts can be set to run as often as you need during a 24-hour period, or they can be set to run once a month – the frequency is up to you. Used over time, periodic alerts can provide a regular and reliable measure of performance.
For example, you can define a periodic alert for Oracle Purchasing that sends a message to the Purchasing Manager listing the number of approved requisition lines that each purchasing agent placed on purchase orders. You can define this alert to run weekly, and provide performance measurement on a consistent and timely basis.

Easy Alert Definition

Oracle Alert can load the SQL statement for your alert definition from an operating system file, allowing you to automatically perform the functions you currently do by hand. Oracle Alert will also transfer your entire alert definition across databases. You can instantly leverage the work done in one area to all your systems.
Customizable Alert Frequency
With Oracle Alert, you can choose the frequency of each periodic alert. You may want to check some alerts every day, some only once a month, still others only when you explicitly request them. You have the flexibility to monitor critical exceptions as frequently as necessary, even multiple times during a 24-hour period. You can also check less significant exceptions on a more infrequent schedule; for example, once a month.
Customizable Alert Actions
You can define a variety of actions for Oracle Alert to perform based on the exceptions it finds in your database. Oracle Alert can send an electronic mail message, run a SQL script or an operating system script, or submit a concurrent request, or any combination of the above. You can create your own message, SQL script, or operating system script
actions in Oracle Alert, or have Oracle Alert send messages or perform scripts that reside in external files. Each action is fully customizable to the exceptions found in your database, so you have complete flexibility in your exception management.
Detail or Summary Actions
You can choose to have Oracle Alert perform actions based on a single exception or a combination of exceptions found in your database. You can define a detail action such that Oracle Alert performs that action for each individual exception found. You can also define a summary action such that Oracle Alert performs that action once for each
unique combination of exceptions found. You decide which exceptions you want Oracle Alert to consider as a unique combination. You can format a detail or summary message action to display the exception(s) in an easy-to-read message.
No Exception Actions
Oracle Alert can perform actions if it finds no exceptions in your database. You can define Oracle Alert to send electronic mail messages, run SQL scripts or operating system scripts, or submit concurrent requests, or any combination of the above.
Alert History
Oracle Alert can keep a record of the actions it takes and the exceptions it finds in your database, for as many days as you specify. When you ask Oracle Alert to reconstruct alert history you see a complete record of alert activity exactly as it was performed. You can even review all responses Oracle Alert received to your messages and the actions
they invoked. Oracle Alert also lets you decide which information you want to review.
You can narrow your review criteria so you see only the history you specifically want to examine, without sorting through all the history information available for an alert.
Duplicate Checking
Oracle Alert can search for exceptions that remain in your database over time, and can take certain actions based on the presence of those “duplicate exceptions.” You can track exceptions in your database for the length of time that you save history for your alerts.
Action Escalation
You can define a sequence of actions and have Oracle Alert perform the next action in that sequence each time it finds the same exception or exceptions in your database. For example, you can have Oracle Alert send messages of increasing severity if it finds the same exceptions over a period of time. Using action escalation, you can make sure that exceptions needing attention don’t languish unattended in your database.
Summary Threshold
Oracle Alert can automatically determine whether to perform a detail or a summary action based on the number of exceptions it finds in your database. If your alert locates few exceptions, it can simply perform detail actions-one for each exception. If your alert locates many exceptions, it can perform a summary action on all of those exceptions.
Oracle Alert automatically determines when it should perform a detail or a summary action.
Response Processing
Oracle Alert can take certain predefined actions based on a user’s response to an alert message. The response can cause Oracle Alert to send another alert message, run a SQL script or an operating system script, or submit a concurrent request, or any combination of the above. Because Oracle Alert performs response actions automatically, you can delegate routine user transactions to Oracle Alert and thereby increase your organization’s efficiency.
Self-Referencing Alerts
You can create an alert that checks for exceptions that are new in your database since the last time the alert was checked. The alert uses its own DATE_LAST_CHECKED value as the start time for checking for new exceptions.
Customizable Options and User Profile
You can specify exactly how you want your Oracle Alert user interface to look and behave. From choosing a printer to specifying the header text in your Oracle Alert messages.
Electronic Mail Integration
Oracle Alert allows you to send alert e-mail messages through your mail system using the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) for outbound messages and the Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) for inbound messages.

Once you define an event or periodic alert in the Alerts window, you need to display to the Alert Details window to complete the alert definition. The Alert Details window includes information such as which Application installations you want the alert to run against, what default values you want your inputs variables to use, and what additional characteristics you want your output variables to have.
In the Inputs tabbed region, Oracle Alert automatically displays the inputs used in your Select statement, unless they are the implicit inputs: :ROWID, :MAILID, :ORG_ID and :DATE_LAST_CHECKED.
The values of the implicit inputs are as follows:
• ROWID-Contains the ID number of the row where the insert or update that triggers an event alert occurs.
• MAILID-Contains the email username of the person who enters an insert or update that triggers an event alert.
• ORG_ID-Contains the organization ID that is selected when the alert runs.
• DATE_LAST_CHECKED-Contains the date and time that the alert was most recently checked