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Inventory Setup

1.       Items
          The items in the oracle application represent product or services that you sell their components.
2.       Item Master Organization
          It is an Inventory Organization that holds the definition of the item that are
·         Master Level – Single Value across all Child Organization
·         Organization Level – Different values in each of the organization where the item is enabled.
3.       Item Templates
          Templates allow you to define an item easily. A template contains a list of item attributes with pre defined values.
4.       Item Attributes
          A Collection of item attributes are additional Information about an item. Some of the item attributes identify critical item information such as planning method for an item etc…
5.       Item Attribute control
          W can specify the control level for the item in the item attribute control window the two levels are Master and Organization level.
6.        Item Status Attributes
          Status attributes enable and disable the functionality of an item over time. Each status attribute allows you to enable the item for a particular use
          The status attributes are related to the item defining attributes. You cannot enable a status attribute if you do not set the corresponding item defining attribute to Yes
Status Attribute
Item Defining Attribute
Functional Area / Oracle Product
Inventory Item
Allows you to store the item in an asset subinventory.
Inventory Item
Inventory, Order Entry, Purchasing, Work in Process
Allows you to transact the item in Oracle Inventory, Oracle Order Entry, Oracle Purchasing and Oracle Work in Process.
Allows you to place the item on a purchase order.
Build in WIP
Work in Process
Allows you to build the item on a discrete job, and/or repetitive schedule.
Customer Orders Enabled
Customer Ordered Item
Order Entry
Allows you to place the item on a sales order.
Internal Orders Enabled
Internal Ordered Item
Inventory, Order Entry, Purchasing
Allows you to create an internal sales order for the item
BOM Allowed
Inventory Item
Bills of Material
Allows you to create a bill of material for the item
Invoice enabled
Invoiceable Item
Allows you to create an invoice for the item
Process Enabled
Process Items
Recipe Enabled
Process Items

Interdependences for Status Attributes

Each status attribute is dependent on the value of at least one other attribute. For example, you cannot set Stockable to Yes if you set Inventory Item to No. The interdependences for the status attributes are:
Must be set to
Inventory Item is set to No
Stockable is set to No
Purchased is set to No
Build in WIP
Inventory Item is set to No OR BOM Item Type is NOT set to Standard
Customer Orders Enabled
Customer Ordered Item is set to No
Internal Orders Enabled
Internal Ordered Item is set to No
BOM Allowed
Inventory Item is set to No
Invoice Enabled
Invoiceable Item is set to No
Item Defining Attributes:
                An Item defining attribute describes the nature of an item and identifies the functional areas that all associated with the item. All the item defining attribute except MPR Planning method are check boxes.
                7 Item defining attributes are there.
Functional Area
Item-Defining Attribute
Inventory Item
Purchased Item (or) Internally ordered Item
MRP Planning method
Costing Enabled
Engineering Item
Order Management
Customer Ordered Item
Serviceable Product
                It refers the item with old legacy item.
                In Item relationship, we can relate two oracle items by related, substitute upsell, cross sell, and superseded.
                When you make slight modification to your item, without changing the form, fpt or function of the item, you may want to define a new revision for that item for tracking purposes. You can define any number of revisions for it.
                Item catalogs are used to add descriptive information to an item. Use these descriptive elements to search for the items through out the application and to avoid duplicating part that already exists.
                UOM is used for all material transactions first define class and then define conversions between UOM.
Standard:  Standard conversions define conversions that are not specific to the item.
Intra Class:  Intraclass conversions identify the relationship between the two UOM’s of same class, with respect to an item.
Inter Class: Inter class conversions identify the relationship between the two UOM’s of different classes, with respect to an item.
                While defining an item you specify the conversions * Standard * Item Specific * Both.
                Transactions are performed in the unit of measures we specify –
                Conversion happens automatically and the item quantities are updated in the primary unit of measure of the item.
                It is one of the inventory control technique for enforcing the use of lot numbers for a specific batch of an item and we can track that batch of items throughout their movement and out of the inventory.
                A serial number is an alphanumeric piece of information you assign to an individual unit of an item, by which we can track that item during material transaction clearly.
                It is a physical areal represents by a row, rack and bin. If you turned on the locator control for a sub-inventory, you must specify a locator when transacting any item in and out of that sub-inventory. Also we can turn on at Item level.
       Flexfields – Flexifields are special text fields used by oracle to gather important information set in the enterprise.
– KFF: KFF are intelligent flexfields used to collect important data like Accounts.
                In Min-Max planning, we can specify the maximum and minimum inventory level for an item and can maintain the on-hand balances between these two levels.
                Any planning method answers two questions
When to Order:
                When the available quantity falls below the minimum Inventory level.
How much to Order:
                The difference between the maximum stockable quantity and current available quantity.
Planning Level
Organization Level
Sub-Inventory Level
A) In Item Attributes choose “Inventory Planning Method”  => Min-Max
A) In Item Attributes “Inventory Planning Method” => Min-Max
B) In the Item Attributes give the
B) In the Item/Sub inventory give the
     1) Min & Max Qty
     1) Item
     2) Order Min & Max Qty (If)
     2) Min & Max Qty
     3) Lot Multipliers
     3) Lot Multiplier
     4) Source Type
     4) Order Min & Max Qty (if)
     5) Source Type
C) Run the Concurrent “Min-Max Planning”
C) Run the Concurrent “Min-Max Planning”
Planning Level : Org
Planning Level : Sub-Inventory
Under Item Master Purchasing tab, List price must be defined in the Attribute.
Demand Cutoff Date
Supply cutoff Date
Allow PO
Allow WIP
When to Order:
                When the available quantity falls below the RE-order point,
 “Re-order Print = Safety stock + Forecast demand during load time”

How much to order:
                EOQ is calculated i.e., Economic order quantity.
EOQ => √ (2 x Annual demand x Ordering cost ÷ Inventory carrying cost % x Unit Cost).
Planning level is only at Organization Level.
Set up:
1)      In Item Attributes
a)      “Inventory Planning method” : Re-Order Point
b)      Lead Time
c)       Inventory carrying cost
d)      Ordering Cost
e)      Source Type
2)      Define forecast set and forecast name
3)      Define Safety stock
a.       Manual
b.      User-defined percentage
c.       Mean-absolute deviation
4)      Run the concurrent “Re-order point”
“Create requisition” => yes.
When to Order:
                When the container or bin becomes empty
How much to order:
                The quantity equivalent to kanban size.
                                Kanban is a self regulating pull system that leads to shorter lead time and reduced Inventory.
1)      Create an Item “ Release time fence” = Kanban (Do not release)
2)      Define Kanban pull sequence
Item, Kanban source, Kanban location and enable check box Auto request.
3)      Generate cards and give kanban size.
4)      Replenish
Kanban card status
Kanban supply status
1. Active
1. New
2. Hold
2. Full
3. Cancelled
3. Empty
4. Wait
5. In process
6. In transit
7. Exception
Red:       Empty Transit state
Yellow: Wait
Green:  Full
Replenish Count
In sub-inventory where we are not maintaining perpetual on-hand balances, we can use replenishment counting to plan our inventory. This replenish technique is for expense and non critical     item that we don’t indent to keep track of we can use the replenishment counting only at the sub-inventory level.
For this we have to specify item/sub-inventory relationship
  In Item sub-inventory to specify
1)      Item
2)      Min-Max Quantity (if)
3)      Enable check box Min-Max (if)
4)      Order Min-Max qty (if)
5)      Lot Multiplier (if)
6)      Source type
  Navigate to replenish count window
1)      Enter the count name
2)      Enter the sub-Inventory in which replenish count is going to performed.
3)      Go to Lines tab, Enter the Item and specify the count type.
  Trigger “ Process replenish Count” and “Item Replenish count report” which will trigger requisition 
Count Type
1)      On-Hand
2)      Order Maximum
3)      Order qty
Receipt types
                Substitute Receipts:
We can receive substitute Item which we define in the Item relationship, While receiving…
  Enable check box – Allow substitute receipt In Purchase order
  Enable check box – Allow substitute receipt in Supplier for
  Enable check box – Allow substitute receipt in receiving Option
Blind receipt:
After raising a purchase order if we need extra quantity against purchase order we go for Blind receipts.
  Enable check box – Allow substitute receipt in Receiving Option
Navigate to Receiving transaction à Receipts
We can change the quantity here if Blind receipt is checked
Note:  PO match should be “3-Way”
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